Georgia Hunting Plantation Blog

Georgia Quail Hunting Season - Quail Eggs & Nest

2009 Georgia Quail Hunting Season

October 2, 2009

Georgia Quail hunting season is the time of year when Georgia quail hunters can legally pursue Bobwhite Quail. This quail hunting season is determined by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources & Wildlife Resources. It is done with approval from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. These two entities are responsible for all the rules and regulations as they are related to this hunting season. Factors such as what licenses that each hunter will have to have in their possession, what weapons can each hunter use to take quail in Georgia, what are the dates of this quail hunting season, and wherein the state can hunters enjoy this sport. These rules and regulations are in place to help with the management of Bobwhite Quail in Georgia as well as to help ensure the future of quail hunting in Georgia.

Georgia Quail hunting season

Hunters who will be participating in hunting quail during the 2008-2009 Georgia Quail Hunting Season have to obtain certain licenses, whether they are residents of Georgia or not. Residents of Georgia will need to obtain a valid Georgia Hunting License, Georgia Hunting and Fishing Combination License, a 1-day Georgia Hunting License, or a Georgia Lifetime Hunting License. Non-residents of Georgia will need to obtain a valid Georgia Non-resident Hunting License, a Georgia 1-day Non-resident Hunting License, or a Georgia 3-day Non-resident Hunting License. Both residents of Georgia and non-residents born after 1960 require proof of successfully completing a hunter education course. The hunting license and hunter education proof are required to be on the hunter’s person while they are hunting quail in Georgia.

The weapons that can be used during the 2008-2009 Georgia Quail hunting season are as important as the other rules and regulations that have been covered so far. These weapons include any rifle or handgun that is .22-caliber or smaller rimfire, air rifle and muzzle-loader, or a shotgun with shotshell 3.5 inches or smaller and a No. 2 or smaller shot.

Different Quail Species

Any of 130 species of small, short-tailed game birds of the family Phasianidae (order Galliformes), resembling partridges but generally smaller and less robust. The 95 species of Old World quail are classified in either of two subfamilies, Phasianinae or Perdicinae.

  • American quails make up the subfamily Odontophorinae
  • Eurasian quails make up the subfamily Phasianidae
  • The common quail make up the subfamily Coturnix coturnix
  • The Japanese quail make up the subfamily Coturnix Coromandelica
  • The blue-breasted quail make up the subfamily Coturnix Chinensis
  • The northern bobwhite make up the subfamily Colinus virginianus
  • The California quail make up the subfamily Callipepla Californica
  • Gambel’s quails make up the subfamily Callipepla Gambelii
  • The mountain quail make up the subfamily Oreortyx Pictus

In addition, the odontophore quails, about 30 species, are larger, stouter birds. Those are different enough from Eurasian quails to have been placed by some authorities in their own family. They have thicker bills that are serrated on the cutting edge of the mandible. Odontophore quails are non-migratory and live in habitats ranging from hot deserts to humid mountain forests. The few species that reach North America are mostly birds of open country. However, on the opposite, the tropical species are primarily forest birds.

Bobwhite Quail

Above all, the best-known species in the United States is the northern bobwhite, named from the loud call of the male. The Northern Bobwhite, Virginia Quail, or (in its home range) Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus) is a ground-dwelling bird native to North America and northern Central America, and the Caribbean. It is a member of the group of species known as New World quails (Odontophoridae). They were initially placed with the Old World quails in the pheasant family (Phasianidae), but are not particularly closely related. The name “bobwhite” derives from its characteristic whistling call.

A popular game bird, it was originally resident east of the Rockies and north to southern Ontario and New England. It saw a successful introduction in parts of western North America, the West Indies, and New Zealand. It is from 8.5 to 10.5 in long, with a slight crest. Males of the northern populations are reddish-brown above and white, barred with black, on the belly. The throat and a line above the eye are white; a broad black line extends from the eye backward and around the throat. This white area is buff in the otherwise similar females. In subspecies from the southwestern United States and parts of Mexico, the face, throat, and variable amounts of the rest of the underparts are black.

Monogamous, after the breeding season, bobwhites gather into coveys-groups. Those may number over 100 birds-dispersing during the day for feeding and reassembling at night or in adverse weather. The members of the covey seek warmth and protection by huddling in a circle, with their heads turned outward. If frightened, bobwhites (like most quail) prefer to run from danger. When flushed, they fly rapidly with a loud whirring sound but quickly drop to earth.

California Quail

Moreover, in the western United States, the most familiar species is the California quail. This a handsome bird with a recurved black topknot. You can hear its raucous call in the soundtrack of many Hollywood productions. A closely similar species, Gambel’s quail, inhabits the deserts of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico.

Button Quail

Similarly, any of the numerous small,round-bodied birds belonging to the family Turnicidae of the order Gruiformes. The 15 species confine to scrubby grasslands in warm regions of the Old World. Button quail have dull colors. They measure from 13 to 19 centimeters (5 to 7 inches) long, and they run crouching.


(Greek: “half foot”). Generally, those are any bird of the suborder Turnices (order Gruiformes). Amongst others, they include the plains wanderer (family Pedionomidae), the button quail, and the lark quail (family Turnicidae). Moreover, they include Turnix species, such as the Andalusian hemipode, or striped button quail.